Posts Tagged With: Ohio

Mural Artist Tom Miller

The former Alpine Alpa in Wilmot featured the work of artist Tom Miller.

From the Walnut Creek Sesquicentennial History, 1827-1977:

Visitors traveling through the hills of Holmes and Tuscarawas counties always enjoy the scenery as they go. In recent years, an added attraction has been the artistry of Tom Miller which gave birth to a Swiss village and dots the surrounding countryside, lending atmosphere and beauty, providing enjoyment for both residents and vistiors passing through.

Although Tom began his young life on a farm between Walnut Creek and Trail, Ohio, he never liked farming, and from early beginnings, had it in his head to become an artist one day.

“I was always drawing in grade school,” says Tom,” and I never got less than an ‘A’ in drawing and art.”

Tom  was given inspiration and encouragement at an early age by an uncle who was a missionary to India and an artist.

“He used to send pictures back from India and I thought, ‘If I could only paint like that,’ and that’s what really gave me the inspiration, his paintings.”

Drawing came almost as naturally to Tom as did breathing. he remembers that when yet a boy, whenever he looked at something he always saw it as a picture.

“If you do that long enough, it gives you a photographic mind and you can put down exactly what you see. There were times I had trouble with my painting, but it always flowed together while I relaxed or lay in bed, and by the next morning, it was okay.”

Tom received his first paint set from Orpha Troyer when he was a freshman in high school and in return, he painted his frist painting for her, a scene which she still has. During high school, his talent were put ot good use as he was selected to paint all of the scenery for backdrops used in the plays.

Tom graduated from Walnut Creek High School during the ’30’s Jobs were scarce and an artist’s talents were not in great demand, so Tom felt fortunate to be working, even though there was nothing artistic about digging coal with a pick and shovel.

After spending three years with a pick and shovel in his hands instead of the paint brush he loved, Tom changed jobs. Running the pug mill at Claycraft Brickyard was not exactly what he would have liked ot have been doing with his life and was dingo nothing to further his career as an artist. He found himself with free time on the job and nothing to do to keep from being bored. His boss, Abe H. Mast, aware of Tom’s talents, encouraged him to do something with them while sitting ast his pug mill post. Tom took up carving to help pass the hours.

“Although I don’t carve much now, I carved a (to scale) replica of the Claycraft brick factory and steam engine. It is on display at my studio in Sugarcreek and I wouldn’t give it up for anything. It’s on of my most prized possessions.”

The model, which included men working at their jobs, moving in synchronization with other parts of the model, took two years for Tom to carve to completion.

During those seven years of work, Tom painted on weekends and evenings.

It was at this point Tom knew that he wanted to become a full time artist, but he needed an income until his work caught on and he could support himself and his family with his art. Tom spent the next four years working as an interior decorator  heading up a crew of eight men he had hired. He bought what is now the Gospel Shop in Sugarcreek and turned the little building behind the shop into his art studio.

“At that time, I put one ad in the paper for painting. I never had to do it again and I’ve been busy ever since. Now I’m always three or four months behind.”

Toms’ Swiss background allowed him to fit perfectly into the town of Sugarcreek, a Swiss settlement, and as a Sugarcreek businessman, he became a part of the planning of the first Swiss Festivals held by the community.

“We had had two Swiss Festivals and I thought, ‘Why not have a Swiss Village that people would really come to see.”

Tom designed the front of his building into a Swiss front, the first one in Sugarcreek, then kept encouraging one businessman, then another  until the entire town was transformed from a standard American village into an international attraction, a Swiss Village in the Tuscarawas valley. Most of the fronts of the buildings were designed by Tom Miller, one the more gratifying experiences of his career.

The Swiss designs gave way to more elaborate and intricate designs on Tom’s part as he painted scenes from the Swiss Alps on some of the buildings. Not content with a simple painting, Tom’s innovative mind made the painting come alive; a moving train going in and out of tunnels of the front of the Reeves Bank; skiers flying down a snowy slope on the Goshen Dairy; snowmobiles skimming the hills at Jim’s Sunoco Station.

“They became a real interest to the public, especially the children, and this led to the animated murals at Der Dutchman Restaurant in Walnut Creek, Dutch Valley Restaurant in Sugarcreek, and Alpine Alpa Cheese House and Doughty Valley.”

Tom also designed the fronts of Lehman Hardware in Kidron and Stuckey’s Restaurant in Wilmot.

“I have had the opportunity to put moving scenes on big restaurants in five different states, but never went because I have so much to do around here.”

The highpoint of Tom Miller’s career as an artist came this past weekend with the unveiling of his new mural at Heini’s of Bunker Hill, Ohio. The work of art is five feet high and forty feet long, painted on canvas with acrylic oils, and took nineteen weeks from start to finish. It depicts cheesemaking from its origin in 300 BC through the centuries and up to the present time as it is done at Heini’s.

Pete Dauwalder, who owns Heini’s and commissioned the mural, is the son of Swiss parents who had also been cheesemakers, and assisted Tom with much of the research material.

“To my knowledge, there is no other mural depicting the history of cheese, nor do I think there will be one painted exactly like this. The hardest hing after having the knowledge, was making it all fit together.

Tom, who never had na art teacher and accepts his talent as a “God-given gift,” finds his work very rewarding.

“When you complete something as vast as this mural ” says Tom, ‘it gives a great feeling of satisfaction knowing you have created a piece that has contributed to humanity.”

There is probably no individual in the history of Holmes or Tuscarawas Counties who has left a more indelible or more beautiful mark on the area than artist Tom Miller

Tom Miller and his wife Mary live on Cherry Ridge Drive and are life long resident of Walnut Creek Township.


From the Columbus Dispatch, July 2006:

Mural Majority

Tom Miller made his name creating scenes in Ohio’s Amish country

Published: Sunday, July 9, 2006

By Bill Mayr

Visitors to the rolling countryside of Holmes and western Tuscarawas counties snap photos of the Amish and their farms — and of buildings with Swiss-chalet facades and murals of Alpine scenes.

The murals, which helped put the quaint rural communities of north-central Ohio on the map, were created by self-taught artist Tom Miller.

Although his name might not be known throughout the state, he surely ranks among the most-viewed of Ohio painters.

“He certainly left a legacy,” said Leslie A. Kaser, director and curator of the Alpine Hills Historical Museum in Sugarcreek.

His murals occupy an odd but intriguing niche.

They pop up at much-visited sites, such as over the entrance to the Sugarlane IGA store, on the front of a Huntington Bank and along the drive-through lane at a McDonald’s restaurant, all in Sugarcreek. They are found, too, inside and outside restaurants and cheese factories.

Some, such as the one at McDonald’s, are even three-dimensional and mechanized.

Miller died a decade ago, on July 28, at age 85.

He wasn’t Amish but spoke fluent Pennsylvania German. He had been a commercial painter, painting houses, lettering signs and occasionally creating murals for homeowners, Kaser said.

His rise as the region’s muralist came as the area sought to promote its history.

Members of the Amish religious sect, with roots in Switzerland, had arrived in the region in the early 1800s. Later that century, Swiss cheese-makers settled in the region, using milk from Amish farms to produce their wares.

In 1953, boosters launched the Ohio Swiss Festival. (The annual event this year is scheduled for Sept. 29-30.)

Some years later, Miller, inspired by a trip to Switzerland, created an Alpine mural on the front of a building he owned in Sugarcreek.

Then, “all the cheese houses wanted him to do the murals,” said Mahlon Troyer, a commercial painter and artist and protege of Miller.

He produced a large mural on the exterior of Guggisberg Cheese north of Charm; he painted an

From Roadside America: photo of the cheese mural at Heini’s Cheese in Berlin, Ohio.

illustrated history of cheese-making inside Heini’s Cheese Chalet, home to Bunker Hill Cheese, north of Berlin.

His mural-making gathered momentum like a mountain avalanche.

“He never got caught up,” said Miller’s son, Phil Miller of Wooster. “People were waiting, maybe for years.”

Many of the large pieces were painted in the 1970s and ’80s, Troyer said.

How many murals and smaller paintings did Miller create?

“I don’t have any idea,” his son said.

“One fellow went to Indiana and started an Amish restaurant. He took Dad out there to do a bunch of murals. Dad was out there for months.”

Phil Miller said his father’s talent seemed intuitive.

“He’d see that whole picture in his mind before he even started. He’d start sketching quick strokes. Pretty soon he’d have the sketch done. And then he’d paint the same way — quick.”

Miller’s style is reminiscent of Grandma Moses, the self-taught artist who also specialized in pleasant rural scenes.

But while Grandma Moses became internationally famous, Miller’s work remained concentrated in Amish Ohio.

His biggest piece fills the upper part of the walls and flows onto the ceiling in the main dining room of Grandma’s Alpine Homestead restaurant on Rt. 62 in northeastern Holmes County.

The diorama, roughly 45 feet wide and 20 feet tall, depicts Arosa, a Swiss mountain village.

Miller sometimes created depth in his scenes by making wood cutouts, painting part of his scene on the cutout and installing it on the mural.

Some works are mechanized: a toy passenger train runs through the Arosa diorama, and a herd of Swiss dairy cattle moseys through a mural at Grandma’s Alpine Homestead. The cattle and trains are models that Miller built and affixed to belts that run in loops through the scenes.

When Dave Beachy opened Beachy’s Country Chalet in 1988, he asked Miller to paint a series of small, oval-shaped scenes on the ends of wooden booths. Covered bridges, dairy farms, mountain brooks and quaint cottages fill the Sugarcreek restaurant.

Miller, Beachy said, was a man of few words. But he didn’t mind people watching him work.

“He just loved the interaction with the people. People would love to gawk.”

In Walnut Creek, three murals grace the Der Dutchman restaurant a mile south of the small dairy farm where Miller grew up.

John and Joy Maxwell — along with Mr. Maxwell’s mother, Alathea — recently ate dinner in the restaurant beneath a scene of maple-sugaring.

Maxwell, who formerly operated a clothing store in nearby Millersburg, had shown Miller’s paintings in the store windows.

“I loved his paintings,” he said. “I never talked to anyone who didn’t like his paintings.”

Some of the works are weathering, with paint colors and images fading. Beachy said the exterior mural at his restaurant could stand touching up.

Troyer has repainted some scenes and said he’s available to work on others that have captured the lifestyle of Ohio’s Amish and their link to rural Switzerland.

Phil Miller acknowledges the vision and legacy of his father.

“He followed his dream. Yep.”


From a post in the Der Dutchman News blog from September 2010:

Inspired by the houses on a trip to Switzerland, local sign painter, house painter and self-taught artist, Tom Millerpainted a Swiss mural on a building he owned in Sugarcreek. After that, many businesses came to his door step with requests for similar murals.

The local families took considerable pride in their heritage and eventually businesses in Sugarcreek began an effort to model their downtown after the Swiss villages in the “Old Country”. Swiss architecture became commonplace with it’s chalet-style construction and decoration. With the addition of Tom’s murals, the movers and shakers of the early 1950′s began a push for a celebration of everything Swiss. The Swiss Festival was born in 1953, one of the longest running festivals in the state of Ohio.

By the way, if you plan to go “mural hunting”, you can still see many of Tom’s works at the businesses of Sugarcreek and Holmes county. They are still visible at the Sugarlane IGA, Huntington Bank, Dutch Valley Restaurant, Beachy’s Chalet, McDonalds (one inside, one by the drive-through) Sugarcreek Lumber and the former Goshen Dairy building. In Holmes County, you can see three murals at Der Dutchman Restaurant.

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Musical Life in Holmes County, Ohio from 1917-1960

The Willie Green Band on the steps of the Holmes County Courthouse. The band is seen here wearing their traditional green uniforms with white caps.

Musical Life in Holmes County, Ohio from 1917-1960

A Study of Three Important Ensembles

By Dr. Amy Gerber Doerfler

LOCATED IN Northeastern Ohio, Holmes County is a region with an interesting musical history. In the first half of the twentieth century, the community was entertained by three main groups of musicians. Beginning in 1917, the Willie Green Band, made up of over fifty local performers, orchestrated their own renditions of classical and popular band pieces, eventually traveling throughout Ohio. They also performed as The Willie Green Rube Band, offering various vaudeville acts. Another local group was the Harry Weiss Orchestra, formed in the mid-1920s by Holmes County sheriff, Harry Weiss. The band performed popular music of the 1920s and 1930s at grange halls and dances in Holmes County and mainly consisted of members of the Weiss family. The third important musical group for the county during this time was the “Pop” Farver Orchestra. The Farver family, led by Warner E. “Pop” Farver, was known for its many polkas and waltzes. The group was in demand for many local dances, and played throughout Holmes, Wayne, Tuscarawas, Stark, and Coshocton counties.In addition, Pop Farver wrote many original folk tunes that the family performed. Through their light-hearted entertainment, these three musical groups helped to enrich the lives of citizens belonging to a hard-working, farming community well into the middle of the twentieth century.

The Willie Green Band’s existence arose out of the tradition that began after the Civil War in which communities developed brass bands formed by ex-soldiers who had been in fife and drum corps. Formed by Cal Beatty and Floyd Reese, the Willie Green Band was active for more than thirty years in the first half of the twentieth century. They were headquartered in Millersburg, (which is the county seat of Holmes County), but they performed throughout the state. Each of the fifty musicians doubled on anywhere from two to five instruments, and the band maintained a wide repertoire of music. Their slogan was “Music For All Occasions,” and the members had five complete changes of uniform, one appropriate for any venue. The Willie Green Band was noted for its traditional band music as well as its programs of popular music. The band advertised itself as appearing, “either in Concert band, Rube band, Dance or Concert Orchestra.”

When performing as the “Hicktown Rube band,” the Willie Green members developed specific characters that their audiences expected to see. An early advertisement for the band describes performer Cal Beatty as “Grandpop Overpeck, direct from Possum Hollow…Drummer and Clog Dancer, doubling several different instruments.” Performer Owen Wengerd played “the title role of Professor Schultz, Banjos, Ukelele, Vocalist and Entertainer.” Myron Yakley was “Isaac Fizzlebaum. Accordion Soloist of both popular and classical music.” The pamphlet goes on to describe “Luther Wyler, Trombone Soloist of merit—black face comedian—playing blue or sweet.”The group had several specialty acts: a dog impersonator, accordion and banjo virtuosos, clog dancers, a vocal soloist, a black face comedian and a female impersonator.

The caricatures that the Wille Green Band used are disturbing today, though this type of entertainment was immensely popular not just in Holmes County at the time. The origins of the blackface comedian character found in the band began with blackface minstrel shows, which took shape in the 1820s. Performers like Thomas Dartmouth Rice (1808-1860) blackened their faces with burnt cork and created costumes to represent stereotypical African Americans: Jim Crow was a ridiculous, uncouth character in shabby rags, supposedly representing the rural black man. On the other hand, Zip Coon caricatured an urban, pretentious “dandy” dressed in a coat and gloves. When speaking of minstrelsy, scholar William Osborne says, “Ohio audiences devoured the product voraciously and several Ohioans played crucial roles in creating and marketing the phenomenon.” Performers spoke in crude dialects, played banjo and fiddle music, danced and used ugly, racist humor. According to Osborne, by the 1920s, the era of the minstrel show began to wind down. It is quite likely, though, that this type of entertainment was slower to lose its popularity in rural areas—the Willie Green band is evidence of this. In fact, Osborne claims that “vestiges of the practice survive in several Ohio communities,” and goes on to give a few examples of small towns that still support the tradition.

It is interesting to note, however, that, just as blackface minstrelsy had stereotypical African-American characters, the Willie Green Band posed similar caricatures of white Americans. The character Grandpop Overpeck (“direct from Possum Hollow”) is cast against Professor Schultz, similar to the “rural versus urban” dichotomy found in blackface minstrelsy. The band also caricatured women by including a man who posed as a woman in the comedic routine.

In spite of its distasteful caricatures that were typical of many bands in America at the time, the Willie Green Band was known for its organization and preparedness, both in its music and its management. Members were loyal, funding the organization through their playing while rarely (if ever) being compensated monetarily. They were a success throughout Ohio, not only in Holmes County, though it is there that they are perhaps most ardently remembered.

5.5A second influential musical group in Holmes County was the Harry Weiss Orchestra. Harry R. Weiss started the ensemble in the mid-1920s. Members of the community as well as four of his seven children played in the band. The instrumentation included a fiddle, a trumpet, two saxophones, an accordion, a banjo, piano and drums. They played popular music of the day, and were considered an essential element to any Holmes County social event in the 1930s through early 1960s.

The following picture was taken in 1947 of the Weiss Orchestra.

Holmes Co Music Early 20th Century

The Weiss Family Orchestra, circa 1947
Back: Earl Marchand, drums; Murray Gerber, accordion; Harry Weiss, Jr., saxophone
Front: Bill Weiss, trumpet; Darryl Weiss, saxophone; Harry Weiss, Sr., banjo; Evelyn Weiss Gerber, banjo/piano

On the far left, a friend of the family, Earl Marchand, is seated at the drums. The remaining players include: Bill Weiss (trumpet), Murray Gerber (accordion), Darryl Weiss (saxophone), Junior Weiss (saxophone), Harry Weiss (fiddle and banjo) and Evelyn Weiss Gerber (piano). This picture was taken at a time when the band was becoming well-established: sons Bill, Darryl, and Junior were home from fighting in World War II and Murray had recently joined the band after marrying Evelyn. Murray helped strengthen the band by becoming its vocalist. The band played popular selections such as “Melody of Love,” “When Irish Eyes Are Smiling,” “Whispering,” “Beautiful Ohio,” “I Want a Girl,” “Let Me Call You Sweetheart,” and “I’m Looking Over a Four-Leaf Clover.”

Harry Weiss also served as Sheriff of Holmes County. When he was running for office, the band turned into his campaign committee. Since the family lived on a farm before he was elected, they wrote humorous skits as they milked the cows in the morning, and turned the lyrics of popular songs into humorous campaign slogans. Harry’s daughter, Evelyn, enjoyed composing tunes of her own and contributed to the election effort in this way, writing catchy jingles and teaching them to the band. On warm evenings, the family would pile themselves and their instruments into the back of a truck and drive around the county, singing their campaign songs. They were successful: Harry was elected in 1934 and served six consecutive terms as Sheriff of Holmes County. His political position increased the band’s popularity, and they would often travel to neighboring counties to perform.

A single night of playing for a community dance or a street carnival would provide anywhere from sixty cents to three dollars for each band member. New Year’s Eve was always a big night, and the band as a whole would earn as much as ten dollars. The group played nearly every weekend and sometimes through the week.

When the Weiss Orchestra played for square dances, Harry would act as “caller.” This was the person in the band who called out the sequence of steps for the dancers. Quite often, the dance steps were so familiar to the crowd that the Weiss family would let other callers who were there for the evening lead a few dances. In square dancing tradition, callers develop an individualized method of calling, which can include singing or speaking rhythmic patterns. Harry, his son, Darryl, and son-in-law, Murray would sometimes call pieces in three-part harmony.

The Weiss Family Orchestra, 1976: Harry Weiss, Sr., caller; Marion Mackey, guitar; Darryl Weiss, saxophone; Lola Moreland, accordion. Middle: Murray Weiss, piano; Mike Gerber, banjo; Evelyn Weiss Gerber, banjo.

The Weiss Family Orchestra, 1976: Harry Weiss, Sr., caller; Marion Mackey, guitar; Darryl Weiss, saxophone; Lola Moreland, accordion. Middle: Murray Weiss, piano; Mike Gerber, banjo; Evelyn Weiss Gerber, banjo.

Murray Gerber

As Sheriff, sometimes Harry Weiss would arrest prisoners who also happened to be musicians. If that was the case, the family would bring the prisoner along to their Saturday night venue and let him or her perform with the band. This “Mayberry-like” spirit was something that endeared the Holmes County public to the Weiss family; it also reflects what life was like in small-town America in the mid-1900s.

A third highly influential Holmes County musician was Warner E. “Pop” Farver. Like Harry Weiss, Pop Farver also formed a musical group with members of his family. In fact, these two bands existed at the same time and were equally esteemed by the citizens of Holmes County. Sometimes their members would sit in for each other if needed. Farver’s group consisted of his son, Wilfred, on banjo, guitar or accordion, his son, Earl (“Dutch”), on drums, bass, E-flat clarinet, or saxophone, and his wife, Nelly, on piano or accordion. Pop played the fiddle.

The Farver Orchestra also played for many social dances in Holmes County. Like the Weiss Orchestra, they were active into the 1960s. Unlike the Weiss family though, the Farvers frequently added a theatrical element to their playing. Earl, on string bass, would lie on the floor and rotate the instrument up around his head while playing, never missing a beat.

The Farvers are unique to the musical history of Holmes County because Pop Farver composed many original folk tunes and dances that the band would perform. The numerous dance forms he used to compose included polkas, waltzes, quadrilles, reels, schottisches, hornpipes, jigs, clogs, hoedowns, square-dances, two-steps and breakdowns. A self-taught performer and composer, Farver learned his craft by listening. He played first by ear then later taught himself to read music. He carefully organized his pieces into over fifty volumes with nearly fifty pieces to a volume. For each piece he compiled, he listed only the main melody. The music is similar to a lead sheet, though no accompaniment chords are listed.

Pop Farver kept several listening journals, in which he would listen to the radio and dictate popular folk tunes and love songs. He would then write his own arrangements of those pieces. He meticulously organized his listening journals, recording statistics such as the year he learned the tune, where he heard it, who wrote it or performed it or whether or not the tune originally had a name. For example, in “Radio Tunes, Vol. 2” under the 172nd tune he dictated, he typed:

“ ‘Black-Eyed Susie’ Arr. By W.E. Farver, as learned from Ridge Runners, on air WLS, Chicago, and Crockett Mountaineers, on air at WABC, New York City, (later Crockett Book) and from a record. 1929. Series Book 17—Radio Book II.”

Every transcribed piece has a similar label. It was through this careful listening that Farver learned the characteristics of the dance forms in which he began to compose.

The Farver Orchestra played many American tunes, some (but not all) dating back to the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. These tunes were still popular with the general populace at the time the Farvers performed them. A few examples include: “She’ll Be Comin’ Round the Mountain When She Comes,” “Liza Jane,” “When the Work’s All Done This Fall,” “Chinese Breakdown,” “Massa’s in De Cold, Cold Ground,” “The Battlecry of Freedom,” “Old Folks at Home,” and “When You and I Were Young, Maggie.” He listed these in separate volumes he titled “Copied Songs” or “From Sheet Music.”

The influence of the waltz on popular music is also witnessed in Pop Farver’s repertory. A dance in triple meter, the waltz became the most popular form of ballroom dance in the nineteenth century. It was accepted into many forms of musical composition and its influence is found in the theater, especially in operetta. Amongst Pop Farver’s collections of “Copied Songs,” he has a volume of waltzes that contains the famous “Beautiful Blue Danube” by Johann Strauss. In addition, the titles he gave some of his original waltzes reflect the form’s European origins, such as his “Venetian Waltz.”

Farver wrote many original waltzes, and this was a form for which his group was well-known. His waltzes were in binary or ternary form and he would frequently shift to the dominant or subdominant in the final section. He often titled his pieces after local, state or national places of interest, as is seen in the following example, a reprint of his piece, “Miami Valley Waltz.”

Holmes Co Music Early 20th Century

Modulation to the dominant or subdominant (as in this case) made for a smooth transition if the band decided to repeat the entire song, which frequently happened.

Another popular dance form Farver used was the breakdown (Example 4). The term “breakdown” can be a synonym for a “reel,” or refer (in general) to a high-spirited country dance. Farver’s “breakdown” was a form originating out of the lively song and dance numbers that concluded minstrel shows in the late nineteenth century. According to Pauline Norton, the concluding pieces in the minstrel show included “break” sections that consisted of short, two- or four-measure interludes of danced rhythmic patterns between the solo and verse and the chorus.

Holmes Co Music Early 20th Century

Farver’s One-String Breakdown exudes the energy and liveliness characteristic of this form. In this example, he modulates to the dominant in the second section.

In addition, Farver wrote many original polkas, to which he sometimes composed lyrics, like this “Polka-Time Polka.”

Holmes Co Music Early 20th Century

The polka is traditionally a couple-dance in 2/4 time. Like the waltz, it also became a popular ballroom dance of the nineteenth century. There is some dispute as to the origins of the polka, but its name suggests that it is of Czech origins. Certain German writers have claimed that it is no more than a schottische with a new name. However, traditionally a schottische is slower than a polka, although it has the same meter. (Farver wrote many schottisches as well, but the family band was better-known for its polkas.) The polka in Example 5 has all the characteristics of the traditional dance form. Farver’s compositions were equal in quality to the music the general public knew; in addition, his compositions used the same forms. Thus it is easy to see why Holmes County citizens were so fond of his family band.

All three of these musical groups helped to enrich the lives of the citizens of Holmes County in the twentieth century. Interestingly enough, they continue to do so to varying degrees. Though the Willie Green Band is no longer in existence, items relating to the band can be seen on display at the Holmes County Historical Society. The Weiss Family Orchestra, though now significantly smaller, contains members of the third and fourth generation. They play annually for a local nursing home’s Christmas party, (the Holmes County Home): a tradition begun in 1934 and upheld every year since.

Pop Farver’s music was recognized by the Holmes County Historical Society on an evening concert they entitled “ ‘Pop’ Farver Favorites.” For the program, four current Holmes County musical groups each learned three or four of Farver’s tunes. They then incorporated the tunes into their own musical styles and performed them for the public. One participating band was the String-A-Longs, a local bluegrass group led by Mike Gerber, a fiddle player who is also a third-generation member of the Weiss Orchestra. Other performers included Linda and Emilie Hershberger-Kirk, flute and guitar players, respectively, the Stockdale Family Band and Maidens III. Each of the groups presented Pop Farver’s tunes in their own musical language. Though none of the groups had the exact same instrumentation as the Farver Orchestra, the music was still well-received and the performances showed one way that Farver’s music could continue to evolve.

The musical life of Holmes County in the early to mid-1900s was represented by three main groups who played for local events and contributed to the social climate of the area. The Willie Green Band, a semi-professional band of over fifty members was extremely versatile in their programming and was able to cater to the entertainment desires of people not just in Holmes County, but throughout the state of Ohio. The Weiss Family Orchestra played locally, meeting the social needs of the small town community. Before Harry Weiss was elected sheriff, the band campaigned for him, endearing him to the people. After he was in office, the band’s position helped the community to view him as a “family man” and the Holmes County public enjoyed the Weiss’s musical entertainment for several years. Lastly, Warner “Pop” Farver and his Farver Family Orchestra were a staple at local gatherings. Writing in dance forms originating as nineteenth-century ballroom dances that crossed over into popular music, Pop Farver’s compositions enlivened social events. Indeed, the music of each of these groups, in some way or another, continues to enhance the lives of the people of Holmes County.

About the Author

The author with her grandmother, Evelyn Weiss Gerber, in 2000. The two played piano together at what is today Sycamore Run.

The author with her grandmother, Evelyn Weiss Gerber, in 2000. The two played piano together at what is today Sycamore Run.

A native of Millersburg, Dr. Amy Doerfler earned her Ph.D. in music theory and composition from Kent State University. She lives in Wooster with her husband, Matt, and their two children. She is active as a church musician and composer and is the great-granddaughter of Harry Weiss and granddaughter of Murray and Evelyn (Weiss) Gerber. She can be reached at Special thanks to her uncle, Mike Gerber, for sharing the photographs from his personal collection.

The author, Amy Doerfler, with her husband Matt, and children Todd, and Luke Doerfler, Easter 2012

The author, Amy Doerfler, with her husband Matt, and children Todd, and Luke Doerfler, Easter 2012

No duplication of this article is permitted without approval from the author


Černušák, Gracian, Andrew Lamb and John Tyrell. “Polka.” In the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., ed. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, 20: 34-36. New York: Grove Dictionaries, 2001.

Conrad, Jan, general manager. Holmes County: A Pictoral History. Orrville, OH: Spectrum Publications, 1994.

Farver, Warner. ‘Pop’ Farver Favorites. Various local musicians. Holmes County Historical Society, 1CD.

Farver, Warner. 56 volumes of original and transcribed folk tunes, c.1920-1960.

Gerber, Mike. Interviews by author. 29 March 2007 and 5 May 2007.

Harris, Brooks F., ed. Holmes County: Historical Sketches. Walnut Creek, OH: Carlisle Printing, 2002.

Holmes County History Book Committee. Holmes County Ohio to 1985. Salem, WV: Walsworth Publishing, 1985.

Lamb, Andrew. “Waltz.” In the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., ed. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, 27:72-78. New York: Grove Dictionaries, 2001.

Norton, Pauline. “Breakdown.” In the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., ed. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, 4:298. New York: Grove Dictionaries, 2001.

Osborne, William. Music in Ohio. Kent and London: Kent State University Press, 2004.

Reese, F. L., mgr. The Willie Green Band: Music for All Occasions. Photocopy of original band program/advertisement, 3 pages, c.1925.

Ridenour, Harry Lee. Folk Songs of Rural Ohio. Berea: Baldwin-Wallace College: 1973.

Root, Deane L./Linda Moot, Pauline Norton. “Square-Dance.” In the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., ed. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, 24: 227. New York: Grove Dictionaries, 2001.

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Ralph A. Hershberger, Cartoonist

Cartoonist born in Shanesville, Ohio, raised in Millersburg and Berlin, Ohio, graduated from Millersburg High School in 1907.

Cartoonist born in Shanesville, Ohio, raised in Millersburg and Berlin, Ohio, graduated from Millersburg High School in 1907.

This post is a transcription of an entry taken from the 1816-1966 Sesquicentennial History of the Berlin Community, author unknown. If you know who wrote this piece, or if you have any further information about Ralph A. Hershberger, let me know! Ralph A. Hershberger “Funny Business” Cartoonist Ralph A. Hershberger, former Berlin resident, gained international renown through his “Funny Business” cartoons. These cartoons, about 10,000 in number, were published in more than 500 newspapers, including over a dozen in foreign countries. He was born in Shanesville, Ohio, the son of Mr. and Mrs. John J Hershberger. His father taught school, both elementary and high school, for 30 years. He also served as county school examiner, with the late John A. McDowell and O.O. Fisher, for a period of 10 or 12 years after 1905. When Ralph was six years old the family moved to Berlin, where they lived until his father began teaching in Millersburg. Ralph received all his education in the Berlin schools, except his last year of high school. He graduated from Millersburg High School in the spring of 1907. On one of his personal appearances a few years ago, Hershberger commented, “When in my teens, I was more interested in medical business than in ‘funny business ‘ I had planned to go to Cleveland to begin medical training, but found that I was a year too young ot enter medical school. That was when I decided to go to art school.” His previous art experience had been of a practical nature–painting scene and signs on barns. Ralph Hershberger received his art education at the Cleveland School of Art, now know as the Cleveland Institute of Art, a nationally recognized school where his cartoon instructor was also a top-ranking cartoonist. His record of achievement reflects the professional instruction he received. In his own words, “I wanted to succeed in cartooning so I chose a successful instructor.” R.A. Hershberger Comic His professional career began on the Cleveland Press, where he served as cartoonist and staff artist. He drew a daily comic strip and the full page Sunday comic strip for “Dem Boys,” under the pen name of “Karl’s” for the former Cleveland Leader, one of Ohio’s largest dailies. The comic strip was distributed by the McClure Syndicate. He drew caricatures for the McMahon Syndicate and was art director for Artfilm Studios, of Cleveland, Ohio, makers of animated cartoons. Mr. Hershberger created, wrote and illustrated the popular comic panel “Funny Business” for nearly 20 years. It appeared in 465 daily papers in this country and also in foreign countries. It was distributed by the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA Service, Inc.) , a Scripps-Howard newspaper syndicate, one of the largest int eh United States. “Funny Business” appeared in such papers as the New York World Telegram, detroit News, Washing, D.C. News, Chicago Daily News, Houston Press, Denver Post, San Francisco News, Indianapolis Times, Cincinnati Post and many others. His magazine cartoons were printed in many of this country’s foremost magazines, such as: Redbook, Saturday Evening Post, Colliers, Life, Liberty, American Magazine, Country Gentleman, Judge, New York American, Screen Book, College Humor and Ballyhoo. In London, his cartoons appeared in such magazines and newspapers as Everybody’s Weekly, Passing Show, London Daily Mirror, Sunday Referee, London Pictorial News, Sporting and Dramatic, The Leader, Woman’s Companion, Guide and Ideas, Printer’s Pie and others. In India, the cartoons were popular in “My Magazine of India,” the country’s largest humor publication. The have also been reprinted in humorous publications of other countries, including “Lustige Blaetter,” of Berlin. Mr. Hershberger is listed in WHO’s WHO IN THE MIDWEST and in London, England in the DICTIONARY OF INTERNATIONAL BIOGRAPHY, and has for many years been a member of the National Cartoonist’s Society. He is listed as one of the Forty Famous Artists and Writers whose work appeared in “Printer’s Pie,” a London publication which accepts contributions by invitation only. He is listed with such prominent writers as H.G. Wells, Rudyard Kipling, Arthur Ferrier, Sir Phillip Gibbs, Gilbert Wilkinson, Lord Dunsany, A.C. Barrett, Rafael Sabatini, Ridgewell and others, a distinction never accorded another American cartoonist. The subjects of Hershberger’s cartoons invariably are people. Only on rare occasions did he use animals, birds or fish, endowing them with the gift of speech and human perception and portraying them in whimsical roles. During the personal appearance mentioned earlier, Hershberger explained that “most of the ‘Funny Business’ cartoons were drawn six weeks in advance of their publication. I have a four week advance supply deadline, but usually have a six-week reserve.” When contacted for information for this story, he wrote, “I retired from doing ‘Funny Business’ just recently although repeats will be running for some years. I stopped doing the series in order to devote my full time to my correspondence school, and to other publications.” Mr. Hershberger is presently Director of the National School of Cartooning in Cleveland, Ohio. He resides in Brunswick, about 20 miles from Cleveland, commuting between the school and his home.”

From Popular Science Magazine, April 1939.

From Popular Science Magazine, April 1939.

Further information based on genealogy research at the Holmes County District Public Library: Ralph Adlai Hershberger was born on December 18, 1890 to John J (April 20, 1862-Feb. 6, 1955) and Emma (Troyer) (1867-1951) Hershberger in Shanesville, Ohio. Ralph Hershberger was one of five children, along with siblings Miles, Vera, Elvara and Evora. He learned cartooning from the Landon School of Illustrating and Cartooning and married Opal A. (Dalby) Hershberger at age 25 (exact date not yet known). The 1930 Cleveland, Ohio directory places Ralph and Opal Hershberger at 1633 Bunts Road, Lakewood, Ohio. His 1942 draft card places him and Opal at 2166 Mars Ave, Lakewood, Ohio. According to census records, Ralph and Opal had no children. His 1917 draft registration card describes him as tall and slim with blue eyes and black hair. Opal Dalby Hershberger died at Lakewood Hospital on February 6, 1947. Ralph A. Hershberger died at Southwest General Hospital in Berea on March 6 ,1970 at age 79. There’s a blog post here by Allan Holtz about the Dem Boys strip, which Hershberger’s biography describes as his work created under the name “Karls.”

Ralph, Opal and both of Ralph’s parents are buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Millersburg, Ohio.

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J.B. Lightcap Journal, Pages 11 and 12

J.B. Lightcap Journal pages 11 and 12From the week ending Oct 8.

Nothing very new has engaged our minds this week.

Business brisk most part during the week. Weather disagreeable  Much rain during few past days water raising. Bough 21 quarts of chestnuts from Sam Swinehart at 6 per qt making in all $1.25. Sold some of them at 10 per quart.

Nov. 14. We now commence to write our remarks for the week that is gone. My employer bought ninety six dollars and .94/100 worth of julery of J.S. Johnson with Chapman Pike & Co. After buying our goods, he presented me with a gold ring which is a very nice present to remember.

Saturday evening I went home to see my uncle and aunt from Richland Co and also uncle Adam Gilbert and his lady from Vanwert Co. Ohio. They were all well when they left home. this morning Father took them to Stark Co where they will remain for several weeks. We hope that the friends may receive them in wellcom and be glad.

November 15

An example of a sailor’s monkey jacket

Today we had speaching in the New Methodist E Church for the first time. It was a nice day for such an occasion. May people in attendance. The services were well adapted to the occasion. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Mr .Kenedy of Fredricksburg. His text is recorded in (?). Whom do men say that I am Peter said thou art the christ and the Lord said thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it. 

Nov 22/57

Nothing very new for the week that is past and gone. Received a letter from G. Lightcap stating all in good health. Sent his wife in to Ohio on the 29 of October last.

Went to Lakeville on businesses had a pleasant ride on the cars. Got a red flanel monkey jacket worth two dollars and sixty two and a
half cents. Cut by H. Pissett (?) and made by Susan Smith for (?). Got a new silk velvet vest worth nine dollars and cost me at first cost and ten (?) cent carriage seven dollars and ___ cts.


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J.B. Lightcap Journal, Pages 7 and 8

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 7, Top.

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 7, Top.

September 20, 1857, Clinton Station(1), Wayne County, Ohio

Commenced clerking for J. S. Metzler & Co. at twelve dollars per month  (date of commencing, Sep. 7, 57) for three months at which time I am to increase my wages We have had a very good trade all week past ending Sep 12/57. For the commencing Sept 14/57, I bought one load of red what that .89 cts per bushel bought of Kiflon I think. We bought another very fine lot of red wheat of Joshua Sonagte (?) at 85 cts per Bushel.

Oct 11/57 Receive a letter from George Lightcap. They were all well when rote. Bought eleven notebooks of  J. H. Baumgardner & co Wooster, Ohio at .70 et a $7.70. The book was the Slacom (?). We are raising a signing at Clinton of which I am treasurer we hope much good may be done in peace. Mr. J.S. Metzler is gone to Cleveland Ohio.

W.M. Knox is also clerking for J.S. Metzler & Co.

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 7, Bottom

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 7, Bottom

Money matters down times hard. Money scarce and produce declining. Banks closing too.

J.B. Lightcap journal, Page 8, Top

J.B. Lightcap journal, Page 8, Top

Attended a celebration at Lafayett (2) Holmes County Sept 26/57. The day was fine many folks in attendance. Exercises opened by a short introductory by Rev. Green which was delightful to all who heard him. The exercises consisted of singing and speaking  Speaking by the schollars and singing by the quoir. the celebration consisted of four schools: Ripley No 1, Monroe No 2, Clinton No 3 and Lafayett No 4. The Monroe school were first singing and Lafayett school in speaking.

A fine dinner was prepared for the schollars of the different schools of which

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 8, Bottom

J.B. Lightcap Journal, Page 8, Bottom

every one helped themselves at the feast all with peace and harmony. Good order during the whole day.

Friends and neighbors in the vicinity were there to witness something that was instructive as well as entertaining. Many parents were delighted to see their children declaim in public on such an occasion.

(1) Clinton Station=Shreve


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Millersburg City Hall and Opera House History

Millersburg, Ohio City Hall and Opera House

Postcard courtesy of Tina Zickefoose.

These articles are from the vertical files in the Local History and Genealogy Room of the Holmes County District Public Library:

(This piece doesn’t include a date, but Jane and Sandy’s Variety Store no longer exists)

By Lee Hunter
Special thanks to the Farmer-Hub.

Over the years, Holmes Countians have been able to amuse themselves in various ways. People could go bowling or roller skating in the building that Jane and Sandy’s Variety Store is now in. The Opera House was the most popular place in town, which was located just west of where the professional building now stands.

The Opera House was built just before the turn of the century. It was the city building but soon after construction the Opera House moved in. The building seated around 250-300 moviegoers, fitting them into a main seating section and a balcony. The theater specialized in first-run movies with the top-notch stars of the day. Occasionally, they ran plays.

The building shared quarters with a few offices and the Millersburg Fire House. the Fire House was on the west end of the building; it had sandstone pillars, wooden floors, and two large doors that provided access to Jackson Street.
In 1925, Hoy Russell, Holmes County Probate Judge, bought the Opera House and continue to show many fine movies while he owned it.

The Millersburg Council approved funds to redecorate the Opera House in 1928 with the “Fashionable and acceptable colors of 1928.”
The Opera House showed movies every day of the week. On Wednesdays, the merchants of Millersburg sponsored the movie and the doors of the theater were open so that moviegoers could watch a movie free of charge. Soon, inflation caught up with the merchants and the citizens had to pay six cents; then it increased to a dime.
The Opera House started out all of their shows with a cartoon, sometimes a short-short of Laurel and Hardy. It was later torn down in 1954.

February 10, 1955
Holmes County Farmer Hub

Council Plans to Raze City Building

May buy old ford garage for new municipal office; make old site into parking lot

Plans for razing the Millersburg City Hall were discussed at the Monday evening meeting of the village council.
Councilman Richard Kagey, Jr., announced to council members that the building committee has investigated repairs needed to make the roof of the building safe and found the building in such bad condition it would be impractical to try to repair it.
Mr Kagey said that the committee had contacted the Holmes Rural Electric owners of the old Ford garage building on West Jackson St. about the possibility of the village purchasing that location for the village offices, should the present city hall be abandoned and found it could be purchased.

Millersburg City Hall and Opera House

Postcard courtesy of Tina Zickefoose.

The present city building was condemned by the state fire marshall years ago and the opera house sec ion of the building has remained unused since that time. A bond issue for $125,000 for remodeling the building was voted down several years ago, and only a few essential repairs to the clerks office, council chambers and fire and street department sections of the building have been made, as needed.

Tearing down the old building will probably involve bonded indebtedness for the village Solicitor Raymond Miller pointed out as there is no surplus in the general fund for the purpose. The village will also have a large bond issue on its books when the sewage disposal plant is installed int eh near future he added. At present the village has no bonded indebtedness, however it has had to transfer funds from the parking meter fund to the general fund to meet current operating expenses in recent (?)

The councilmen also discussed plans for making over the city hall site into a municipal parking lot, should the building be torn down and the village offices moved to a new location permanently. It was estimated that 36 cars could be parked in the lot and relieve the parking problems of the village. Parking meters would be installed and add to the village income as well as assist business in the community through customer parking space.

No definite plans were made at the meeting. The building committee is to look further into purchasing the new building and Councilman David Stoner was to check with firms for estimates on razing the building.

Tearing the building down will be the loss of a land mark to some, the councilmen considered, however, they pointed out that they have little alternative, since the building has become a safety hazard and a financial burden.

Little else was discussed at the meeting. Payment of bills amounting to $2,582.81 was approved by the councilman and Clerk William Pyers reported that the Mayor’s January report totaled $253 received by the village, including $13 in permits, $140 in local fines and costs and $100 from State Highway Patrol Costs.

March 1955
Holmes County Farmer-Hub

City Building is Condemned
Village Given Ninety Days to Raze Building

An order from Charles R. Scott, state fire marshall, condemning the present city building and fire station as unsafe and ordering that it be torn down in ninety days was received by Mayor Oscar Miller Wednesday morning by registered mail.

An inspection of the building was made by Fire Inspector Ralph W. Andregg on March 9, the order stated and his report listed:

“The following conditions to exist:
“This large old opera house building is in very poor repair; the roof poor and the leaking has caused the beams to rot away the ceiling to sag; wiring very poor; outside walls cracked and in bad condition; brick loose in the chimney and mortor out; the foundation bad in places
“Therefore by reason of the premised and pursuant to the authority vested in my by virtue of my office…you are hereby ordered within ninety (90) days from the date of service of this order, the above mentioned building shall be torn down and all rubbish and debris removed from the premises.”

Mayor Miller pointed out that the village council could protest the order and the protest would be investigated by the state fire marshall. However, it is not likely that a protest would avail a change in the order, since the recent investigating of the building brought an order for tearing the building down and not repairs.

Should the village fail to comply with the order, the fire marshall may have it done at the expense of the village with a 25 percent penalty should the village not pay the cost. Revised Ohio Code also provides for a penalty of from $10 to $50 for each day’s neglect of the order.

There’s more information about the Millersburg Opera House, including a full timeline of its history, in the vertical files of the Holmes County District Public Library’s Local History and Genealogy room.

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Historic Downtown Millersburg Photos

This series of posters was posted by Darwin Boyd to the Our Town: A Holmes County, Ohio Local History Project Facebook page. It depicts downtown Millersburg, Ohio from the early 1900’s through the 1950’s. If you have photos of downtown Millersburg from this angle that you’d like to see added to this page, please send them along and we’ll get them posted!

Downtown Millersburg, 1906ish

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, early 1900’s.

Downtown Millersburg, around 1916

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, 1916.

Downtown Millersburg, 1924

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, around 1924.

Downtown Millersburg, 1941

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, around 1941.

Downtown Millersburg, 1945

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, around 1945.

Downtown Millersburg, 1950ish

Downtown Millersburg, Ohio, around 1950.

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J.B. Lightcap Journal, Pages 5 and 6

Lightcap, Page 5, topI worked for him till December when I took a school in District No 12 Clay Township Kosciusko County Ind. For the term commencing Dec 10 1856 a term of sixty five days and concluded March the 3 1857. Public funds 50.00 Other funds 28=$78.00. Making per day $1.20 clear. Boarded at F. Templins all winter. worked for my board had a good time all the term. No of schollars(sic) enrolled was 33. Branches taught were Orthography Reading Writing Arithmetic and Geography. Miss Mary Ellen Kline was the best looking lady that tended school.

Lightcap, Page 5, bottom

After I got my school matters arranged I started for home. lots of snow on the ground but not cold. Walked 14 miles to Warsaw, Ind. got my super (sic) at the Hotel. Meal .25. Stared about eight oclock that evening took the cars for Ft Wayne Ind got there about eleven oclock that night Stayed at the Meyers (?) house next day till midnight When I started for Cresline (sic) Ohio. Fare at Ft. Wayne 1.25. Fare from (?) to Ft W 1.20. From Wayne to Crestline 3.95.

Fare from Crestline to Clinton Station (1), Wayne Co 1.30. Bought books in Ft. Wayne to the amount of $5.00. Got in company with Mr. Joseph Kimerer after leaving Mansfield had quite a chat with him at dinner that day with them. Went home and found my folks all well. George Lightcap being in our house we had quite a good time of it. I must close for today Aug. Sunday 23.

Lightcap, Page 6, topMarch I stayed at for a few weeks visiting my old associates Spent much time in giving discriptions (sic) about the country. I then went to Wooster to clerk for Israel Gray commencing Tuesday April 14 1857. Stayed with him till August the twenty ninth making in all four months and a half at the rate of $11 per month Settled with Mr. Gray on friday of 29 ints paying me a difference on account $11.00

(1) Shreve.Lightcap, Page 6, bottom

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J.B. Lightcap Journal, Pages 3 and 4

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, top.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, top.

Ohio: 1855, March 12-16: Got home about 5 oclock in the afternoon was glad to see my friends glad to receive me. Spent a few days in visiting the neighbors. I then worked at home for about one month.

April: Then took a school in No (?) District in Riply Township Holmes county Ohio. Taught at the rate of 75 cts per day and boarded myself. Taught 41 days that being all the public money in the district at that time. Amount $32.35.

May: Boarded at home all summer. Had 3 miles to go to school. Worked about home ni the fall and commenced teaching again in the same district. Got $1.00 per day taught four months amount $96.00 Ended March 13 1856. Stayed about home for about two weeks then went with John Lightcap to the great state of Indiana. I took charge of his goods. Got through safe and sound. Found every body in good spirits.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, page 3, bottom.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, page 3, bottom.

1856: April 16:  I then worked about among the farmers. Rolling logs burning choping [sic] plowing and every kind of work usually done by farmers.

Page 4; Indiana

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, Page 4, top.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, Page 4, top.

I still worked on at everything till harvest worked out all harvest commencing July 1 1856 for John Martin helped him 2 day at 75 cts per day. I then went from there to Daniel Swanks Stayed about 5 day I think at 87 1/2 (?) cts for some days and some $1.50 got done there and helped (?) Calhoun better than 1 day this being the tenth of July and harvest about over.

July 12: Commenced clerking for F Templin got $5.00 per month

Dr. and Mrs. L.B. Boggs

Dr. and Mrs. L.B. Boggs

washing and mending free my companion was Dr. LB Boggs Stayed with Mr. Templin till Sept 22 when he sold out to Charles O Barrat and Brother Traded his store and property for a farm 8 miles from North Manchester in Kosciusko County Clay Township Ind. Moved with him to his farm.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, Page 4, bottom.

Journal of J.B. Lightcap, Page 4, bottom.

Oct: Worked for himby the day and at the reate of 75 cts per day. Worked about 52 days. I cut up corn for him Rolled logs and readup a very bad swamp before the house of several acres and made it look as nice as a garden.

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The Holmes County Local History Blog is currently under construction.  Please return soon to see the new site.



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